Young Scientists Take Flight
Hot Sites and Cool Books
Recommended Web sites:
Information about the Wright brothers and their experiments can be found at wright.nasa.gov/ (NASA).
Additional information about the Discovery Channel Young Scientist Challenge is available at http://school.discovery.com/sciencefaircentral/dysc/ (Discovery Channel).
Learn more about the 2003 winners of the Discovery Channel Young Scientist Challenge at http://school.discovery.com/sciencefaircentral/dysc/finalists/winners.html (Discovery Channel).
Books recommended by SearchIt!Science:
The Wright Brothers: A Flying Start Elizabeth MacLeod
Published by Kids Can Press, 2002.
Wilbur and Orville Wright had a dream. Before their first successful flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903, the Wright brothers were determined to be the first people to fly. Explore the setbacks that scientists, including the Wright Brothers, dealt with before the dream was realized. Orville Wright lived until 1948 and was able to see the evolution of his idea into a reality that neither he, or his brother, nor anyone could even dream about. It is almost 100 years ago since that short 120-foot flight flew Wilbur and Orville Wright into aviation history. Photographs, newspaper clippings and maps explore the events that led to one of the most amazing discoveries of the last 100 years.
The Story of Flight: The Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum Judith E. Rinard
Published by Firefly Books, 2002.
"Where can you walk in the door and see a collection of history's most famous airplanes and spacecraft hanging from the ceiling and displayed all around you?" In the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, aircraft from around the world is displayed. But if you can't make it out to the museum in Washington D.C., this book should satisfy your curiosity. Jam-packed with color photographs and illustrations, the double-page spreads of this informative book feature topics such as early flying machines, early air races, and fighter planes. While the book looks back in time at early mail planes, spy planes, and the first moon landing, it also looks forward to the prospects of space travel and possible journeys to Mars.
Science Fair Success Ruth J. Bombaugh
Published by Enslow Publishers, 1999.
It's science fair time and you don't know where to begin! The first stepchoosing a topicis sometimes the hardest. This practical guide will give you step-by-step advice for creating a science fair project that will be interesting, fun, and wow the judges. The author, a science teacher who has helped many students through the science-fair process, suggests different ways to pick a topic. Next are tips for using scientific methods, keeping close track of the results, writing a report of your findings, and designing an eye-catching display. Examples of prize-winning projects will give you an idea of what teachers and judges are expecting. Black-and-white photos, sketches, a list of suppliers of scientific materials, a further reading list, tips for teachers, and an index are all included. This 1999 update features tips on using the Internet in science fair projects and helpful Web sites.
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From The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary and The American Heritage® Children's Science Dictionary
lift An upward force acting on an object. Lift can be caused because an object, such as an air balloon, contains a type of gas that weighs less than air, or because of a low-pressure area above an object, such as a wing, that is moving through a fluid.
Newton's laws of motion The three laws proposed by Sir Isaac Newton to define the concept of force and describe motion, used as the basis of classical mechanics. The first law states that a body at rest tends to stay at rest, and a body in motion tends to stay in motion at a constant speed in a straight line, unless acted upon by a force. The second law states that the acceleration of a body is equal to the force acting upon it divided by the body's mass. The third law states that for every action there is an equal and opposite reaction.
torque The tendency of a force applied to an object to make it rotate about an axis. Torque is equal to the amount of force acting on the object multiplied by the distance from its point of application to the axis around which the object rotates (or would rotate if it were not fixed in place).
Copyright © 2002, 2003 Houghton-Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. Used with permission.
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